Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2017, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (4): 701-709.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2017.060

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A Study on Characteristic Changes and Causes of Pond Landscape Systems in the Process of Urbanization

Zhifang WANG, Ganglu ZHU   

  1. College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2016-02-24 Revised:2016-06-07 Online:2017-07-05 Published:2017-07-20


王志芳, 朱刚露   

  1. 北京大学建筑与景观设计学院, 北京 100871
  • 基金资助:


The study analyzes changes in landscape characteristics of ponds in the Liangjiang New Area. The spatial and temporal changes of ponds were present by quantitative characteristics and spatial distribution characteristics using remote sensing images of 2000 and 2012. Landscape metrics of amount, surface area and density of ponds were calculated to analyze quantitative characteristic changes of ponds associated with increased urbanization. Landscape indices of fragmentation, resolution and connectedness were utilized to describe changes in spatial networks of ponds based on GIS, as well as the relationships between urbanization and them. PLANDS of buffer area around ponds were calculated to analyze changes of lands around ponds, which combined paddy, upland, grassland, woodland, water area and construction area. The results show that the number of ponds was significantly reduced from 1906 to 270 with a reduction rate of 85.8%, and the water surface area decreased from 175.9 to 59.2 hectare with a reduction rate of 66.3% during the 12 years. Increased urbanization is the main reason of the persistent decrease of ponds, especially the effect of roads, squares and lands to be built. Ponds would have a bigger chance to exist if they have a long distance from built-up areas in space distribution. The surface area of ponds existed are between 0.1 to 1 hectare. However, most of the ponds existed had low utilization value except the complete ponds in the residential land with ecological value. The results offer some suggestions for modern sponge city construction.

Key words: ponds, sponge city, urbanization, landscape characteristic, land use, ecological value


以重庆两江新区为研究区域, 以2000年和2012年的遥感影像为主要数据源, 运用地理信息系统和景观生态指标等研究方法, 通过陂塘的数量、面积、密度、破碎度、分离度和连接度等指标来研究陂塘景观的数量特征和空间分布特征的变化规律, 以及城镇化建设与陂塘景观变化之间的关系。通过水田、旱地、疏林草地、林地、水域和建设用地等指标来研究陂塘周边用地基质的变化规律。结果表明: 1) 在12年间陂塘显著削减, 数量由1906个削减为270个, 水面面积由175.9 hm2降至59.2 hm2, 数量减少85.8%, 面积减少66.3%; 2) 快速扩张的城镇化建设是导致陂塘景观荒废和消失的主要原因, 其中影响最大的是道路广场用地和旱地(待建设用地); 3) 空间分布上远离建成区的陂塘斑块存活率较高, 且保留的陂塘水面面积主要为0.1~1 hm2; 4) 大部分保留的陂塘景观利用价值低, 居住用地中保留的陂塘是最完整的, 也是最具有后续生态利用价值的。研究结果可以为现代海绵城市规划建设提供依据。

关键词: 陂塘, 海绵城市, 城镇化, 景观特征, 土地利用, 生态价值

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