Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2016, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (2): 327-335.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2015.124

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Comparative Studies on Climate Change Reporting with Content Analysis

WU Tong1, XU Jianhua1,2   

  1. 1. College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    2. Center for Crisis Management Research, School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084
  • Received:2014-11-12 Online:2016-03-20 Published:2016-03-20
  • Contact: XU Jianhua, E-mail: jianhua.xu(at)


吴彤1, 徐建华1,2   

  1. 1. 北京大学环境科学与工程学院环境管理系, 北京 100871
    2. 清华大学公共管理学院应急管理研究基地, 北京 100084
  • 通讯作者: 徐建华, E-mail: jianhua.xu(at)
  • 基金资助:


The authors used media content analysis to study reports on climate-related issues from four quality newspapers (New York Times, The Guardian, The Australian, and China Daily). The news media reporting was analyzed, including coverage, frame, and source on international climate negotiation during the COPs from 1997 to 2012. Reporting attitude of China in New York Times, The Guardian, and The Australian for the period of Dec. 2009 to Jun. 2013 was also investigated. Results show that high coverage appears during conferences where important accord, agreement, or declaration are made; the frame used is well aligned with their stand points in international climate negotiations; and the reporting attitude toward China in New York Times, The Guardian, and The Australian is overall negative, but positive on domestic policy and international cooperation.

Key words: climate change, content analysis, climate politics, comparative studies


采用内容分析法, 剖析1997—2012年《纽约时报》、《卫报》、《澳大利亚人报》和《中国日报》在《联合国气候变化框架公约》下每年一度的缔约方大会期间关于气候变化的1549篇报道, 就其历年来的报道数量、使用的信息框架、信息源状况以及针对中国的报道数量状况进行分析, 并对2009年12月至2013年6月《纽约时报》、《卫报》和《澳大利亚人报》针对中国的315 篇气候变化报道进行态度分析。结果表明: 1) 当有新的条约或协议出台时, 媒体会给予更多的报道; 2) 各国媒体使用的报道框架与其所属国的国际气候变化谈判立场相关联; 3)《纽约时报》、《卫报》和《澳大利亚人报》对中国谈判形象的报道整体上负面, 但在国际合作和国内政策上进行了正面报道。

关键词: 气候变化, 内容分析, 气候政治, 比较研究

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