Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2024, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (2): 289-305.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2024.020

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Changes of Sense of Place in Historic Conservation Areas under the Representations of Social Perception Data: A Case Study of Nanluoguxiang (2008–2022)

XIANG Lanlin, ZHANG Junchu, YAN Yuhan, MA Beibei   

  1. School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
  • Received:2023-07-25 Revised:2024-01-21 Online:2024-03-20 Published:2024-03-20
  • Contact: XIANG Lanlin, E-mail: xianglanlin(at)


向岚麟, 张君楚, 闫禹涵, 马贝贝   

  1. 北京林业大学园林学院, 北京 100083
  • 通讯作者: 向岚麟, E-mail: xianglanlin(at)
  • 基金资助:


This paper takes the changing practice of Beijing Nanluoguxiang Historic Conservation Area in the past fifteen years as the research object, analyzes the stages difference of the change of its sense of place according to the characteristics of the social perception network data in 2008–2022, and constructs the conceptual model of the change of Nanluoguxiang’s sense of place. This paper first establishes an exclusive thesaurus for the evaluation of historic conservation area, and based on the grounded theory method, three main dimensions of the sense of place are obtained from the text coded in the exclusive thesaurus: place cognition, place dependence and place identity. Based on the data analysis of the change curves of the proportion of the main categories of high-frequency words in the past years, the characteristics of the emergent words, the social semantic network, and the proportion of the commercial business in Nanluoguxiang, combined with the theory of the adaptive cycle of social ecosystems, the four phases with obvious differences are extracted: the stabilization period in 2008–2009; the growth period in 2010–2014; the reconstruction period in 2015–2018; and the adjustment period in 2019–2022. The paper concludes with an analysis of the sense of place change in historic conservation area from the perspective of capital, pointing out that economic capital needs to synthesize social capital and cultural capital in order to better adapt to development and maintain dynamic balance in the cycle.

Key words: historic conservation area, sense of place, social sensing data, spatiotemporal semantics, change


以北京南锣鼓巷历史文化街区近15年的变迁实践为研究对象, 根据2008—2022年社会感知网络数据特征, 分析其地方感变化的阶段性差异, 以此构建南锣鼓巷地方感变迁的概念模型。首先, 建立历史文化街区评价专属词库, 基于扎根理论, 从专属词库的文本中编码获得地方感的3个维度: 地方认知、地方依赖和地方认同, 通过对历年高频词主类目占比变化曲线、突现词特点、相关语义网络和南锣鼓巷商业业态占比等数据分析, 结合社会生态系统适应性循环理论, 提取特征差异明显的4个阶段: 2008—2009年的稳定期、2010—2014年的生长期、2015—2018年的重构期以及2019—2022年的调整期。最后从资本的角度对历史文化街区的地方感变迁进行分析, 指出经济资本需要综合社会资本与文化资本才能更好地适应发展, 在循环中维持动态平衡。

关键词: 历史文化街区, 地方感, 社会感知数据, 时空语义, 变迁