Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2019, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (4): 773-781.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2019.053

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Current Applications and Future Potentials of Ecosystem Service Tradeoff Research

WANG Zhifang, PENG Yaoyao, XU Chuanyu   

  1. College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2018-07-17 Revised:2018-10-15 Online:2019-07-20 Published:2019-07-20
  • Contact: WANG Zhifang, E-mail: zhifangw(at)


王志芳, 彭瑶瑶, 徐传语   

  1. 北京大学建筑与景观设计学院, 北京 100871
  • 通讯作者: 王志芳, E-mail: zhifangw(at)
  • 基金资助:


Ecosystem service has become a hotspot of research and application since the concept has been put forward, particularly on the tradeoff research, which provides a scientific process for rational decision-making among multiple stakeholders based upon a thorough understanding of relationships among varied ecosystem services. Focusing on practical applications, this paper attempts to sum up specific application and practical values of ecosystem service tradeoff research based upon a detailed review of different investigation approaches and methods. The tradeoffs among ecosystem services can be summed up in four categories: mathematical supply tradeoffs, supply-demand tradeoffs, stakeholder tradeoffs and time/space tradeoffs. The quantitative method used involves objective and subjective measures. The four tradeoff types have been applied to different processes of planning/management practices, including goal setting, core area delineation, ecological compensation and public participation. On the basis of the review, this paper proposes a framework for planning application of ecosystem service tradeoffs while highlighting those existing limitations and providing recommendations for future work including data sharing, method simplification, process crossing, fine scale and the integration of quantitative and qualitative methods to further facilitate the implementation of ecosystem service tradeoff research in practice. 

Key words: ecosystem services, tradeoff and synergy, spatial planning, planning process


在详述相关研究方向与方法的基础上, 归纳整理生态系统服务在实践中的应用方向与价值。生态系统服务权衡主要包括4类——供给数理权衡、供给需求权衡、利益主体权衡和时间空间权衡, 相关的量化方法涉及客观和主观测度。这4类权衡已应用于目标设定、核心区划定、生态补偿和公众参与等不同的规划管理实践中。本文提出一个生态系统服务权衡研究的规划实践应用框架, 并从数据共享、方法简化、过程交叉、尺度精细以及定量与定性结合等层面展望未来, 以期使生态系统服务权衡研究更加切实地指导实践。

关键词: 生态系统服务, 权衡协同, 空间规划, 规划过程