Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2023, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (5): 884-896.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2023.038

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Recreational Ecosystem Services: Progress and Prospect

JIAN Yuqing, XU Kunjing, WANG Zhifang, HUANG Zhibin, YE Tao, JIANG Tianzi, CHENG Kexin   

  1. College of Architecture and Landscape, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2022-10-24 Revised:2023-02-11 Online:2023-09-20 Published:2023-09-18
  • Contact: WANG Zhifang, E-mail: zhifangw(at)


简钰清, 徐琨璟, 王志芳, 黄志彬, 叶涛, 姜天姿, 程可欣   

  1. 北京大学建筑与景观设计学院, 北京 100871
  • 通讯作者: 王志芳, E-mail: zhifangw(at)
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41871153, 42271300)资助


This study reviews recreational ecosystem services from 2005 to 2020, focusing on the concepts and contents of recreational ecosystem services in China and abroad, organizing research methods, and summarizing research gaps and future perspectives. The results show that the concept of recreational ecosystem services is a general term that can encompass many previous tourism-related concepts, and is applicable to region-wide studies. Existing research on recreational ecosystem services focuses on three dimensions: “Supply: quality and value”, “Demand: recreationist preferences and demand forecasting”, and “Trade-offs: supply and demand, mathematics and interest subjects”. The current research results on “Supply” are abundant and involve multiple approaches, but the exploration of “Demand” and “Trade-offs” is insufficient, lacking a systematic and holistic conceptual and classification system. Therefore, based on the review, this study proposes to expand the connotation of recreational ecosystem services Value from the concept, expand the universality of related research from the object, deepen the formation mechanism from the content, strengthen the value measurement and the use of multi-source data from the method. Furthermore, the paper proposes to translate the theoretical research results into policy management measures and planning design tools in concrete practice, so as to guide sustainable development and promote the benefits of natural ecosystems.

Key words: ecosystem cultural services, value quantity assessment, object quality assessment, supply and demand; trade-offs


梳理2005—2020年期间的生态系统游憩服务研究, 聚焦国内外相关概念与内容, 整理目前的研究方法, 指出不足并提出未来展望。结果表明, 生态系统游憩服务是一个统筹性概念, 可以涵盖之前多个旅游相关概念, 适用于全域研究。现有生态系统游憩服务研究主要围绕“供给: 物质量及价值量” “需求: 游憩者偏好和需求预测”和“权衡: 供需关系、数理以及利益主体” 3个具体方向。当前“供给”的研究成果丰富且涉及方法多元化, 对“需求”与“权衡”方向的探索不足, 缺乏系统性、整体性的概念认知和分类体系。基于此, 建议从概念内涵层面拓展生态系统游憩服务价值的内涵, 从研究对象层面拓展相关研究的普适性, 从研究内容层面深究形成机制, 从研究方法层面强化价值量测算和多源数据使用, 并提出将理论研究成果转化为实践中的政策管理措施和规划设计手段, 进而引导可持续发展, 并促进自然生态系统的效益转化。

关键词: 生态系统文化服务, 价值量评估, 物质量评估, 供需, 权衡