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Psychological Effect Analysis for Volunteers of National Day Celebration

MA Huaxiang1, QIN Bo2, WU Hao2, XIE Xiaofei2   

  1. 1. Office of Student Affairs, Peking University, Beijing 100871; 2. Deparment of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing 100871;
  • Received:2011-02-17 Online:2011-11-20 Published:2011-11-20



  1. 1. 北京大学学生工作部, 北京 100871; 2. 北京大学心理学系, 北京 100871;

Abstract: The authors explored the positive mental effects of the National Day celebration on the participants ? the undergraduate volunteers of Peking University, and discussed in details its possible mechanism. Through distributing questionnaires before and after the celebration, the research found the National Day celebration could significantly increase individuals’ sense of national identity, and also tested the mediation of sense of national identity. Result showed that the National Day celebration could promote participants’ volunteering willingness and life satisfaction; sense of national identity, rather than the affective reaction, was the mediator variable between them. According to the self-presentation theory, National Day celebration would enhance sense of nation identity and self-esteem. The results were also discussed in terms of theoretical and practical implications.

Key words: National Day celebration, sense of national identity, social identity theory

摘要: 以参加新中国成立60周年庆典的北京大学志愿者为被试, 通过两次问卷调查取样, 分析了庆典对参与个体多种积极的心理作用, 探讨了庆典对个体国家认同感的提升机制, 检验了国家认同感在其中所起的中介作用。结果表明, 庆典可以提升个体的志愿活动意愿、生活满意度; 国家认同感, 而非个体的情绪反应, 在其中起了中介作用; 并且, 依据社会认同理论, 庆典可以提升个体对国家的认同感及个体自尊。还讨论了参加大型活动及类似的公益活动对大学生心理健康及爱国主义教育的积极影响。

关键词: 国庆庆典, 国家认同感, 社会认同理论

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