Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2023, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (2): 344-354.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2022.125

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A Review on Accessibility Measurements of Public Service Facilities

GAO Wei1, OUYANG Yuxin2, ZHAO Mei3,†, GAO Yong4, MENG Haohan4   

  1. 1. School of Architecture and Design, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044 2. Beijing Urban Construction Design & Development Group co. Limited, Beijing 100034 3. School of Design and Art, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 4. School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2022-04-13 Revised:2022-07-13 Online:2023-03-20 Published:2023-03-20
  • Contact: ZHAO Mei, E-mail: zhaomei(at)


高巍1, 欧阳玉歆2, 赵玫3,†, 高勇4, 孟浩瀚4   

  1. 1. 北京交通大学建筑与艺术学院, 北京 100044 2. 北京城建设计发展集团股份有限公司, 北京 100034 3. 北京理工大学设计与艺术学院, 北京 100081 4. 北京大学地球与空间科学学院, 北京 100871
  • 通讯作者: 赵玫, E-mail: zhaomei(at)
  • 基金资助:


Based on the three levels of mathematical statistics, topological network and geometric network, the accessibility measurements on public service facilities in existing studies are teased, and the fundamental principles, metrics, range of applicability, the advantage and disadvantage of these different measurements are reviewed. It is pointed out that current methodological task is to find the right balance between a measure that is theoretically and empirically sound and one that is sufficiently plain, and emergence of new data technologies provides a new direction for accessibility measurements.

Key words: public service facilities, accessibility, measurements


对既有研究中采用的公共服务设施可达性度量方法进行梳理和总结, 从数理统计、拓扑网络和几何网络3个方面对比不同方法的基本原理、度量指标、优缺点和适用范围, 指出当前的方法学任务是在理论和经验方面合理的指标与简单指标之间寻找适度的平衡, 而新数据技术的涌现为可达性度量方法提供新的发展方向。 

关键词: 公共服务设施, 可达性, 度量方法