Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2022, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (5): 959-966.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2022.080

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Development and Validation of Avoidant Personality Organization Scale (AVPOS) 

ZHANG Youwen1,2, LI Jialu2, ZHONG Jie2,†   

  1. 1. Mental Health Education Center, Xihua University, Chengdu 610039 2. Beijing Key Laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2021-12-13 Revised:2022-03-27 Online:2022-09-20 Published:2022-09-20
  • Contact: ZHONG Jie, E-mail: jzhong(at)


张又文1,2, 李佳璐2, 钟杰2,†   

  1. 1. 西华大学心理健康教育中心, 成都 610039 2. 行为与心理健康北京市重点实验室, 北京大学心理与认知科学学院, 北京 100871
  • 通讯作者: 钟杰, E-mail: jzhong(at)


This article aims to develop Avoidant Personality Organization Scale (AVPOS) by using Diagnostic criteria for Avoidant Personality Disorder in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) as a basis and framework, integrating Kernberg’s Personality Organization theory, fully combining literature review and clinical experience, and investigating its reliability and validity. Sample 1 of 728 people (197 males and 531 females, average age 26.34±8.37 years) filled out the basic information questionnaire, Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI) avoidance scale, and the initial version of AVPOS questionnaire to test the validity of the association between AVPOS and MCMI. Sample 2 of 709 people (160 males, 549 females, average age 19.34±1.23 years) filled out the basic information questionnaire, IPO, and the initial version of AVPOS questionnaire to test the validity of the association between AVPOS and IPO. Sample 3 of 65 people (13 males, 52 females) from sample 2 filled out the AVPOS again one month later to test the retest reliability of AVPOS. Sample 4 of 743 people (male 182, female 561, average age 22.76±6.86 years), from the half of the total sample (Sample 1 plus Sample 2), were used for exploratory factor analysis. Sample 5 of 694 (176 males, 518 females, average age 22.81±6.97 years), from the other half of the total sample, were used for confirmatory factor analysis. The results of factor analysis showed that the four-factor model was the best factor model for the AVPOS. The AVPOS was positively correlated with MCMI-III (r = 0.658, p<0.01) and IPO (r = 0.328, p<0.01). The AVPOS’s internal consistency coefficient was 0.786; the test-retest reliability of the total scale is 0.841. The results showed that the AVPOS meets the psychometric requirements.

Key words: avoidant personality disorder, personality organization, avoidant personality organization scale (AVPOS), reliability, validity


以精神疾病诊断与统计手册第5版(DSM-5)为框架和基础, 整合Kernberg人格组织理论, 结合文献综述和临床经验, 编制回避型人格组织量表(AVPOS), 并考察其信效度。被试样本1为728人(男性197人, 女性531人, 平均年龄26.34±8.37岁), 填写基本信息问卷、米隆临床多轴问卷(MCMI)回避分量表、AVPOS初始版问卷, 用于检验AVPOS和MCMI之间的效标关联效度。样本2为709人(男性160, 女性549, 平均年龄19.34±1.23岁), 填写基本信息问卷、人格组织问卷(IPO)、AVPOS初始版问卷, 用于检验AVPOS与IPO之间的效标关联效度。样本3 为65人(男性13, 女性52), 来自样本2, 一个月后重测AVPOS, 用于检验AVPOS的重测信度。样本4为743人(男性182, 女性561, 平均年龄 22.76±6.86岁), 来自总样本(样本1+样本2)的一半, 用于探索性因素分析。样本5为694人(男性176人, 女性518人, 平均年龄 22.81±6.97岁), 来自总样本的另一半, 用于验证性因素分析。因素分析结果表明: 四因素模型为AVPOS的最佳因子模型; AVPOS与MCMI-III回避分量表呈正相关(r = 0.658, p<0.01), 与IPO呈正相关(r = 0.328, p<0.01); AVPOS的内部一致性信度Cronbach α = 0.786, AVPOS重测信度为0.841。AVPOS的信效度符合心理测量学要求。

关键词: 回避型人格障碍, 人格组织, 回避型人格组织量表, 信度, 效度