Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2021, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (6): 1108-1120.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2021.092

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Emotional Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Urban Park Users: A Case Study of South China Botanical Garden and Yuexiu Park

FU Hongpeng, WANG Zhifang, JIE Hua, WANG Lu   

  1. College of Architecture and Landscape, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2020-12-01 Revised:2021-05-20 Online:2021-11-20 Published:2021-11-20
  • Contact: WANG Zhifang, E-mail: zhifangw(at)


付宏鹏, 王志芳, 揭华, 王璐   

  1. 北京大学建筑与景观设计学院, 北京 100871
  • 通讯作者: 王志芳, E-mail: zhifangw(at)
  • 基金资助:


The authors take Guangzhou South China Botanical Garden and Yuexiu Park as examples to analyze the emotional perception characteristics of urban park users, and explore the influencing factors and driving mechanisms of urban park users’ emotional perception based on the structural equation model. The results show that the positive emotions of park users are relatively high, but positive emotions and negative emotions exist independently. For coarse-grained emotions, landscape elements have direct and indirect influences on emotions. For fine-grained emotions, landscape elements mainly affect users’ fine-grained emotions by forming landscape functions. In different types of parks, there are differences in the factors and mechanisms that affect users’ different types of emotions and different granular emotions. This results can propose targeted improvements to the planning and design of parks, and provide a certain reference for the research on user emotional perception in other types of urban spaces.

Key words: urban park, landscape services, emotion perception, structural equation model, healthy city


以广州市华南植物园和越秀公园为例, 分析公园用户的情绪特征, 并基于结构方程模型,探究城市公园用户情绪的影响因子及驱动机制。研究结果表明, 公园用户的积极情绪相对较高, 但积极情绪和消极情绪是独立存在的。对于粗粒度情绪, 景观要素有直接影响和间接影响两种方式; 对于细粒度情绪, 景观要素主要通过景观服务, 间接地影响用户情绪感知。不同类型公园中, 用户的不同类型、不同粒度情绪的影响因素及机制均存在差异。研究结果可以对公园的规划设计提出具有针对性的改进方案, 并为城市其他类型空间使用者的情绪研究提供一定的借鉴。

关键词: 城市公园, 景观服务, 情绪感知, 结构方程模型, 健康城市