Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2019, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (6): 1161-1169.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2019.083

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State Boredom: An Emotion That Seeks to Change

MIAO Peng, XIE Xiaofei   

  1. School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Beijing Key Laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2019-05-22 Revised:2019-08-19 Online:2019-11-20 Published:2019-11-20
  • Contact: XIE Xiaofei, E-mail: xiaofei(at)

状态无聊: 一种寻求改变的情绪

苗芃, 谢晓非   

  1. 北京大学心理与认知科学学院, 行为与心理健康北京市重点实验室, 北京 100871
  • 通讯作者: 谢晓非, E-mail: xiaofei(at)
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(71772007, 71472005 和91224002)资助


The concept and characteristics of state boredom are introduced, and the measurement scales and induction methods are summarized. On the basis of the self-regulatory function of state boredom, this paper summarizes the effects brought by state boredom through two pathways — seeking stimulation and meaning reestablishment. Future research is encouraged to improve and enrich the measurements and induction methods, expand the research direction (e.g. the effect of state boredom on consuming behaviors and decision making, and the positive side of state boredom), and develop effective interventions to alleviate state boredom.

Key words: state boredom, boredom, self-regulation


介绍状态无聊的概念与特征, 梳理相关测量工具和诱发方法。基于状态无聊的自我调节功能, 从刺激寻求和意义重建两条通路入手, 总结状态无聊对个体偏好及行为的影响。未来应进一步丰富和改进研究工具, 拓展状态无聊产生影响的研究方向(如对消费行为的影响、对决策的影响及状态无聊的积极效应), 并制定有效缓解状态无聊的干预措施。

关键词: 状态无聊, 无聊, 自我调节