Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2018, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (1): 137-145.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2017.138

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Characteristics of Water Quality Changes in the Futian Mangrove National Natural Reserve

NIU Zhiyuan1, SHEN Xiaoxue1, CHAI Minwei1, XU Hualin2, LI Ruili1,†, QIU Guoyu1,†   

  1. 1. Shenzhen Engineering Laboratory for Water Desalination with Renewable Energy, School of Environment and Energy, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055
    2. Guangdong Neilingding-Futian National Nature Reserve, Shenzhen 518041
  • Received:2016-08-24 Revised:2016-11-14 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-01-20
  • Contact: LI Ruili, E-mail:; QIU Guoyu, E-mail:


牛志远1, 沈小雪1, 柴民伟1, 徐华林2, 李瑞利1,†, 邱国玉1,†   

  1. 1. 北京大学环境与能源学院, 深圳市太阳能与风能海水淡化关键技术工程实验室, 深圳 518055
    2. 广东内伶仃岛–福田国家级自然保护区, 深圳 518041
  • 通讯作者: 李瑞利, E-mail:; 邱国玉, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


The research monitored the water quality regularly and analyzed its spatial and temporal changes from 2014 to 2015 in the Futian Mangrove National Nature Reserve. Based on the water quality monitoring results from 2009 to 2014, the annual variation trend of water quality was also studied. The results showed that the DO was generally lower, and the average concentrations of TN, TP, COD and BOD, were 4, 2.6, 1.3 and 1.3 times higher than the class V standards of surface water respectively, the water was in heavy eutrophication status. The pollution level in dry season was significantly higher than in rainy season. From 2009 to 2014, the average concentrations of TN and TP showed a trend of decreasing firstly and then increasing, the BOD values kept rising and the COD values kept falling. Instead of heavy metals pollution, it was the organic pollution, mainly coming from the exogenous input, which have been the key problem of the water pollution, and it needs to take measures to control the pollution immediately.

Key words: heavy metal pollution, seasonal variation, annual variation, Futian mangrove, water quality status, organic pollution, nutrient


2014—2015年对深圳湾福田红树林自然保护区水质进行定期监测, 分析水质状况的空间和季节变化特征。结合2009—2014年福田红树林自然保护区的水质监测结果, 阐明红树林水环境质量的年际变化趋势。结果表明: 1) 保护区内水体溶解氧(DO)普遍较低, 营养盐和有机污染物普遍超标, 其中TN, TP, COD和BOD的平均浓度分别为地表水Ⅴ类水质标准的4, 2.6, 1.3和1.3倍, 富营养化程度严重, 枯水季的污染程度显著高于雨季; 2) 年际变化显示, 2009—2014年, TN和TP呈先下降后上升的趋势, BOD总体上保持上升趋势, COD保持下降趋势; 3) 福田红树林保护区内水质重金属污染已得到改善, 有机污染则有不断加重的趋势, 外源性污染物的输入是主要污染来源, 亟需采取控制措施。

关键词: 福田红树林, 水质状况, 有机污染, 营养盐, 重金属污染, 季节变化, 年际变化

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