Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2017, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (5): 810-816.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2017.074

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Extraction of Technetium and Rhenium with Ionic Liquid

Yue SONG*, Taoxiang SUN*, Qingde CHEN, Xinghai SHEN()   

  1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Fundamental Science on Radiochemistry and Radiation Chemistry Laboratory, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    * These authors contributed equally to this work
  • Received:2016-05-25 Revised:2016-06-03 Online:2017-03-29 Published:2017-09-20
  • Contact: Yue SONG,Taoxiang SUN


宋岳*, 孙涛祥*, 陈庆德, 沈兴海()   

  1. 北京大学化学与分子工程学院, 放射化学与辐射化学重点学科实验室, 北京分子科学国家实验室, 北京 100871
  • 通讯作者: 宋岳,孙涛祥
  • 基金资助:


The extraction of ReO4- and TcO4- by ionic liquids (ILs) were investigated systematically. The results indicated that imidazolium and quaternary ammonium ILs could extract ReO4- and TcO4- efficiently via anion-exchange mechanism. Compared with NTf2-based ILs, PF6-based ILs had a higher extraction efficiency towards ReO4- and TcO4-. With respect to the ILs with an identical anion, the extraction efficiency increased with the increase of the chain length of IL’s cations. The addition of HNO3 and IL’s anion in aqueous phase decreased the extraction efficiency, while the increase of the concentration of IL’s cation led to an opposite effect. At a lower concentration of nitric acid, ReO4- ions were selectively extracted by either [N6,444][NTf2] or [C8mim][PF6] from simulated liquid waste. KPF6 and LiNTf2 aqueous solutions can strip ReO4- effectively from [C8mim][PF6] and [N6,444][NTf2], respectively.

Key words: ionic liquid, ReO4-, TcO4-, extraction selectivity, extraction mechanism


系统地研究离子液体对ReO4-和TcO4-的萃取。结果发现, 咪唑类和季铵盐类离子液体可通过阴离子交换机理高效萃取ReO4-和TcO4-。其中, PF6-类离子液体对ReO4-和TcO4-的萃取效率明显高于NTf2-类离子 液体。当阴离子相同时, 离子液体阳离子侧链增长, 萃取效率增大。增加水相HNO3浓度或在水相中加入相应离子液体的阴离子可以抑制ReO4-和TcO4-的萃取。水相中加入相应离子液体的阳离子则可以促进萃取 反应进行。在低酸度下, 己基三丁基铵双三氟甲烷磺酰亚胺[N6,444][NTf2]和1-辛基-3-甲基咪唑六氟磷酸盐[C8mim][PF6]对模拟废液中的ReO4-均具有很好的萃取选择性。LiNTf2和KPF6水溶液可以分别实现对[N6,444][NTf2]和[C8mim][PF6]中ReO4-的有效反萃。

关键词: 离子液体, ReO4-, TcO4-, 萃取选择性, 萃取机理