Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2020, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (4): 679-691.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2020.031

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Study on Granitoid Intrusions Characteristics and Metallogenetic Mechanism of Zhunsujihua Porphyry Mo-Cu Deposit

LIU Cong, GUO Hu, LAI Yong   

  1. Key Laboratory of Orogenic Belts and Crustal Evolution (MOE), School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2019-05-10 Revised:2020-04-12 Online:2020-07-20 Published:2020-07-20
  • Contact: LAI Yong, E-mail: yonglai(at)


刘聪, 郭虎, 赖勇   

  1. 造山带与地壳演化教育部重点实验室, 北京大学地球与空间科学学院, 北京 100871
  • 通讯作者: 赖勇, E-mail: yonglai(at)
  • 基金资助:


A precise Re-Os isochron age of 297.2±4.3 Ma for the molybdenite and a zircon U-Pb age of 301.1±4.0 Ma for the ore-bearing granite porphyry determined that the age of diagenesis and mineralization of Zhunsujihua porphyry Mo-Cu Deposit is from Late Carboniferous to Early Permian. The barren granodiorite in this mining area yielded a zircon U-Pb age of 301.2±2.2 Ma, which is consistent with that of granite porphyry. Amphibole and biotite in granitic rocks and their geochemical characteristics of high Rb, Th, Ba, and low P, Ti suggest that granite porphyry and granodiorite belong to I-type granites. Relatively low Re, Mg#, Nb/Ta, Zr/Hf values, coupled with whole-rock Sr-Nd isotopes (low ISr and positive εNd(t)) signify that they are mainly originated from a juvenile lower crust source derived from depleted mantle. It can be recognized from the whole-rock major and trace element data that significant fractional crystallization occurs during magmatic evolution, which is beneficial to further enrichment of Mo in the melt. Using the Ce4+/Ce3+ ratio in zircons to calculate the oxygen fugacity of magma during fractionation, it is found that the oxygen fugacity of granite porphyry is relatively high (average ΔFMQ is +4.8), and that of the granodiorite is relatively low (average ΔFMQ is +2.2), indicating that magma with high oxygen fugacity is more conducive to mineralization. 

Key words: porphyry Mo-Cu deposit, zircon U-Pb dating, molybdenite Re-Os dating, I-type granite, oxygen fugacity, Zhunsujihua 


通过对辉钼矿的Re-Os及锆石U-Pb同位素年代学研究, 得到辉钼矿的Re-Os等时线年龄为297.2±4.3 Ma, 赋矿花岗斑岩的锆石U-Pb年龄为 301.1±4.0 Ma, 确定准苏吉花斑岩型钼铜(Mo-Cu)矿床的成岩成矿时代为晚石炭世至早二叠世。准苏吉花矿区不含矿花岗闪长岩的锆石U-Pb 年龄为301.2±2.2 Ma, 与花岗斑岩成岩时代一致。发育角闪石和黑云母的矿物学特征以及高Rb, Th和Ba, 低P和Ti的岩石地球化学特征表明, 花岗斑岩和花岗闪长岩同属于I型花岗岩。较低的Re含量、Mg#值、Nb/Ta值和Zr/Hf值以及低ISr值和正εNd(t)值的全岩Sr-Nd同位素特征表明, 准苏吉花花岗岩的源区为新生下地壳的部分熔融, 岩浆演化过程中, 花岗斑岩和花岗闪长岩均经历较强烈的分离结晶作用, 有利于Mo进一步在残余熔体中富集。通过锆石的Ce4+/Ce3+值计算获得岩浆结晶分异时的氧逸度, 发现花岗斑岩岩浆的氧逸度相对较高(ΔFMQ平均值为+4.8), 花岗闪长岩岩浆氧逸度相对较低(ΔFMQ平均值为+2.2), 表明高氧逸度的岩浆更有利于Mo和Cu富集成矿。

关键词: 斑岩型钼铜矿床, 锆石U-Pb年代学, 辉钼矿Re-Os定年, I型花岗岩, 氧逸度, 准苏吉花