Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2019, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (5): 977-986.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2019.069

Previous Articles    

Cognitive Appraisal and Meaning in Life in Recalling of Past Events: The Emotion as a Mediator

PANG Zhuoyue1, ZHUANG Shujie1, WANG Yuqian2, GAN Yiqun1,†   

  1. 1. School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 2. Education, Psychology and Social Work College, Flinders University, Adelaide 5046
  • Received:2018-09-07 Revised:2019-07-15 Online:2019-09-20 Published:2019-09-20
  • Contact: GAN Yiqun, E-mail: ygan(at)

回忆过去事件的认知评价对生命意义感的影响—— 情绪的中介作用

庞焯月1, 庄淑婕1, 王羽茜2, 甘怡群1,†   

  1. 1. 北京大学心理与认知科学学院, 北京 100871 2. Education, Psychology and Social Work College, Flinders University, Adelaide 5046
  • 通讯作者: 甘怡群, E-mail: ygan(at)
  • 基金资助:


The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship among cognitive appraisal, emotion and meaning in life when individuals recall past events. Before and after 171 college students’ writing on the same thing about the national college entrance examination, this study set a structural equation model to explore the mediation effect of emotion between cognitive appraisal and meaning in life. After the effect of gender, year, pretest of emotion and meaning in life were controlled, results indicated that positive appraisal and negative appraisal could predict meaning in life through positive emotion instead of negative emotion.

Key words: cognitive appraisal, positive emotion, negative emotion, meaning in life


为研究回忆过去事件的认知评价、情绪与生命意义感的关系, 以171名在读大学生为对象, 采用高考这一共同发生的事件作为回忆内容, 控制情绪前测、生命意义感前测、性别和高考距今时间(年)的影响后, 探究积极情绪和消极情绪在积极认知评价影响生命意义感和消极认知评价影响生命意义感的中介效应。结果表明: 1) 积极情绪在积极认知评价影响生命意义感中有显著中介作用; 2) 积极情绪在消极认知评价影响生命意义感中有显著中介作用; 3) 消极情绪对生命意义感无显著影响。

关键词: 认知评价, 积极情绪, 消极情绪, 生命意义感