Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2019, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (4): 747-754.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2019.043

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Study on the Change of River Connectivity in Qingshui River Basin from 1980 to 2015

WANG Kun1,2, XU Chao3, WANG Wenjie3, WU Xiuqin1,2,   

  1. 1. School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083 2. Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation of State Forestry Administration, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083 3. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
  • Received:2018-06-11 Revised:2019-01-21 Online:2019-07-20 Published:2019-07-20
  • Contact: WU Xiuqin, E-mail: wuxq(at)


王坤1,2, 许超3, 王文杰3, 吴秀芹1,2,†   

  1. 1. 北京林业大学水土保持学院, 北京 100083 2. 北京林业大学水土保持国家林业局重点实验室, 北京 100083 3. 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012
  • 通讯作者: 吴秀芹, E-mail: wuxq(at)
  • 基金资助:


In order to reveal the changing rules of regional water system connectivity under the development of urbanization, this paper takes Qingshui River, a tributary of the Yongding River, as an object, integrates remote sensing imagery, statistical data, and land use data, uses the comprehensive evaluation system for river connectivity, combining the longitudinal connectivity of rivers based on the cumulative effects of barriers and the lateral connectivity of rivers based on the effects of catchment fragmentation, and systematically studies the connectivity changes of water systems in the Qingshui River Basin from 1980 to 2015. The results of the study indicate that based on expert knowledge and combined with the actual situation of the Qingshui River, the barriers of the Qingshui River can be divided into four types: reservoirs, sluice gates, diffuse bridges, and river accumulations. During the study period, the number of barriers continues to increase. In 2000, the number of barriers increases by 10.4% in comparison with 1980 and increases by 23.9% in 2015. From 1980 to 2015, the longitudinal connectivity of the Qingshui River Basin as a whole shows an upward trend. The proportion of the watershed with poor vertical connectivity gradually decreases from 40% in 1980 to 14% in 2015. The areas with increased vertical connectivity are mainly concentrated in the eastern and central parts of the basin, and the connectivity in the southwestern part of the catchment area deteriorates. The overall change in river lateral connectivity is not significant, with the western part of the basin decreasing and the eastern part having improved. From 1980 to 2015, the comprehensive connectivity of the Qingshui River Basin shows an overall upward trend. The proportion of catchments with poor comprehensive connectivity is from 26% in 1980, 17% in 2000 and 17% in 2015, respectively. The areas with increased connectivity are mainly concentrated in the east of the basin, while the connectivity in some areas in the southwest of the basin is always poor. The study reveals the law of connectivity changes in the basin during the urbanization process in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and can provide a scientific reference for regional flood prevention and disaster reduction and river ecological rehabilitation.

Key words: barrier, integrated connectivity, land-use fragmentation, catchment, Qingshui River


为揭示城市化发展情景下区域水系连通的变化规律, 以永定河支流清水河流域为对象, 集成遥感影像、统计资料及土地利用等数据, 运用河流连通性综合评价体系, 将基于障碍物累积影响的河流纵向连通性及基于土地破碎度的河流横向连通性相结合, 系统性地研究1980—2015年清水河流域的水系连通性变化。根据专家知识并结合清水河实际情况, 可将清水河河道阻碍物分为水库、水闸、漫水桥和河道堆积物4种类型。1980—2015年阻碍物的数量持续增长, 2000年比1980年增加10.4%, 2015年增加23.9%。1980—2015年, 清水河流域纵向连通性整体上呈升高趋势, 纵向连通性差的汇水区比例由1980年的40%逐渐降低 2015年的14%。纵向连通性升高的区域集中在流域东部及中部, 西南部部分汇水区连通性加剧恶化。河流横向连通性整体上变化不明显, 其中流域西部有所下降, 东部有所好转。1980—2015年清水河流域综合连通性整体上呈升高趋势, 综合连通性差的汇水区占比在1980, 2000和 2015年分别为26%, 17%和11%。综合连通性升高的区域集中在流域东部, 而流域西南部部分区域连通性始终较差。研究结果揭示了京津冀城市化进程中流域连通性的变化规律, 可为区域防洪减灾和河流生态修复提供参考。

关键词: 阻碍物, 连通性, 土地破碎度, 汇水区, 清水河