Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis

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Analysis of the Effects of the Proactive Personality on Graduates' Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy

SHANG Jiayin, GAN Yiqun   

  1. Department of psychology, Peking University, Beijing 100871;
  • Received:2008-05-07 Online:2009-05-20 Published:2009-05-20



  1. 北京大学心理学系,北京100871;

Abstract: The present study revised the Chinese proactive personality scale and explored the effects of college graduates' proactive personality on their career decision-making self-efficacy(CDMSE), and the moderate role of the job hunting stress in the path. A sample of 120 graduates completed the preliminary back-translated Chinese version of proactive personality scale(PPS). Another sample of 196 graduates completed a battery of structured questionnaires including the final Chinese version of PPS, scale of CDMSE for university students and employ stress questionnaires for college seniors (ESQ). Reliability and validity of PPS were analyzed and a hierarchical regression analysis was processed to examine the moderate role of job hunting stress in the path between proactive personality and CDMSE. All psychometric indexes of the revised PPS were satisfying (the Cronbach α index were 0.86). Proactive personality is significantly associated with CDMSE, accounted for 15.3% of the total variance of CDMSE. The product of centered PPS and job hunting stress had significant contributions, accounted for 4.0% of the total variance of CDMSE.

Key words: proactive personality, career decision-making self-efficacy, job hunting stress

摘要: 为研究主动性人格对大学毕业生职业决策自我效能感的影响,修订了中文版的主动性人格量表(proactive personality scale,简称PPS),对其影响大学生职业决策自我效能感的机制进行了探究,然后对就业情景压力在两者关系中的调节作用进行了验证。对120名毕业生初测中文版PPS,对另外196名毕业生复测中文版PPS、大学毕业班学生就业压力问卷及大学生职业决策自我效能感量表,项目分析和验证性因素分析证明了PPS量表的信效度,层级回归分析验证了就业压力在主动性人格影响职业决策自我效能感路径中的调节作用。主动性人格能够单独预测职业决策自我效能感15.3%的变异,主动性人格与就业压力的乘积项对职业决策自我效能感及其3个分量表有显著预测作用,能解释4%左右的增益方差。

关键词: 主动性人格, 职业决策自我效能, 就业情景压力

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