Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis

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Assessment of Environmental Benefits from Phasing out CFCs in Refrigerator Industry of China

WAN Tingting1,2, WAN Dan1, WANG Lei3, DOU Yanwe3, SUN Xuezhi1, HU Jianxin1   

  1. 1. College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871; 2. China National Environmental Monitoring Centre, Beijing 100012; 3. China Household Electrical Appliances Association, Beijing 100062;
  • Received:2010-02-07 Online:2011-05-20 Published:2011-05-20

中国冰箱行业淘汰CFCs 的环境效益分析

万婷婷1,2, 万丹1, 王雷3,窦艳伟3, 孙学志1, 胡建信1   

  1. 1. 北京大学环境科学与工程学院, 北京100871; 2.中国环境监测总站, 北京100012; 3. 中国家用电器协会,北京100062;

Abstract: The environmental benefits for phasing out CFCs in China’s refrigerator sector, such as the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases, ozone-depleting substances and the electricity consumption, were analyzed by comparing the scenario of phasing out CFCs to the non-Montreal Protocol baseline scenario, respectively. It was found that 273.5 million tons CO2-eq and 4.7×104 tons ODP had been reduced by the end of 2008. After 2008, 619.8 million tons CO2-eq and 1.0×105 tons ODP will be reduced. Phasing out CFCs in China’s refrigerator industry made a considerable contribution to relieve global warming and reduce ozone depletion substances. By using substitute refrigerants, 2.8×1010 kWh of electricity was saved, which was equivalent to 24.2 million tons CO2 and of great practical significance in China’s resource conservation, energy-saving and emission-reduction.

Key words: refrigerator, CFC-11, CFC-12, GWP, ODP, greenhouse gases

摘要: 以无《蒙特利尔议定书》的情景为基线情景, 从消耗臭氧层物质排放、温室气体排放及冰箱耗电量角度分析中国冰箱行业履约淘汰 CFCs 产生的环境效益。结果表明,截至2008年底,中国冰箱行业淘汰 CFCs已实现减排 273.5 MtCO2-eq 和 4.7×104t ODP; 2008 年后还将减排 619.8 MtCO2-eq 和 1.0×105t ODP;通过采用更加节能的制冷剂,截至 2008 年底累计节电 2.8×1010 kWh, 折合减排 24.2MtCO2-eq,对中国节约资源和节能减排具有十分重要的现实意义。

关键词: 冰箱, CFC-11, CFC-12, GWP, ODP, 温室气体

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