Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis

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A Review of Experimental Studies on Inattentional Blindness

GENG Haiyan1, CAI Wenjing   

  • Received:2006-04-26 Online:2007-03-20 Published:2007-03-20



Abstract: When people are engaged in something, they often fail to notice the other objects presented in front of them. This phenomenon is known as "inattentional blindness". Authors primarily reviewed three main experimental paradigms of inattentional blindness: the static paradigm based on computer display, the selective looking paradigm and the sustained dynamic paradigm. Some central questions were also discussed, such as the relationship between inattentional blindness and attention capture, and the implicit perception in inattentional blindness. Research on inattentional blindness not only helps to develop the theory of attention, but also bring in a new perspective on understanding of the relationship between attention and consciousness.

Key words: inattentional blindness, attention capture, awareness, implicit perception

摘要: 当人们专注于某件事时往往会忽略出现在眼前的其他事物,这一现象被称为“不注意视盲”(inattentional blindness)。作者综述了当前关于不注意视盲的3种主要实验研究范式:基于电脑屏幕呈现的静态实验范式、选择性注意范式以及持续的动态实验范式。对不注意视盲与注意捕获的关联、不注意视盲现象中的内隐知觉等问题进行了论述。对不注意视盲的研究不仅有助于注意理论的发展,同时也将知觉、注意与意识之间相互关系的问题带入了新的观察视角。

关键词: 不注意视盲, 注意捕获, 觉知, 内隐知觉

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