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Process-dissociation Procedure: Measurement Limitations and A Solution

FAN Chunlei   

  1. Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, 100871
  • Received:2001-10-30 Online:2002-09-20 Published:2002-09-20



  1. 北京大学心理学系,北京,100871

Abstract: Jacoby (1991) developed a process-dissociation procedure (PDP) to separate unconscious influence from conscious influence in a cognitive process. This is an important progress in the field of consciousness measurement. The procedure depends on its experimental hypotheses, however, evidence for violating those hypotheses had been found in researches. Such problem results from discrepancy between theoretical design and measuring process. This article puts forward a new solution to make a perfect combination between theory and measurement. In this way, the validity of PDP can be held.

Key words: process-dissociation procedure, pure measurement, sampling bias, memory, consciousness

摘要: Jacoby提出的过程分离程序可以将认知作业过程中的有意识加工和无意识加工成分分离出来,这被认为是意识测量研究上的一个重要进展。但这一程序的有效性需要得到相关实验假设的支持,而在研究过程中却发现了这些实验假设被违背的证据,这导致研究者对程序的有效性的怀疑。从实验测量的角度看,实验假设被违背的根源在于实际测量过程达不到理论设计的要求。其中,测量变异和取样偏差是主要的影响因素。这里提出的新的解决方案强调了理论设计和实验测量的有机结合,它可以解决过程分离程序的有效性问题。

关键词: 过程分离程序, 纯净测量, 取样偏差, 记忆, 意识

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