Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2019, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (1): 189-196.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2018.093

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Urban River Landscape Planning Based on Landscape Evaluation: A Case Study of Panlong River in Kunming

LIU Jiaju1, WANG Yuhong2, ZHAO Long3, GUO Huaicheng1,†   

  1. 1. Collage of Environmental Science and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    2. School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100871
    3. Hebei Software Institute, Baoding 071000
  • Received:2018-03-08 Revised:2018-07-09 Online:2019-01-20 Published:2019-01-20
  • Contact: GUO Huaicheng, E-mail: hcguo(at)


刘佳驹1, 王宇泓2, 赵龙3, 郭怀成1,†   

  1. 1. 北京大学环境科学与工程学院, 北京 100871
    2. 北京林业大学园林学院, 北京 1000871
    3. 河北软件职业技术学院, 保定 071000
  • 通讯作者: 郭怀成, E-mail: hcguo(at)
  • 基金资助:


To construct the evaluation index system of urban river landscape, the landscape evaluation of the river is taken as the target level, and the eco-environmental index, social economy and aesthetics are taken as the guideline. Water quality, species diversity, water transparency, flood control, waterscape utilization, landscape accessibility, color beauty, form beauty, and regional culture are used as index layers. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is used to determine the weight of each indicator layer, and the use of distance index method is used to build the evaluation model. The evaluation model was used to evaluate the landscape of the upper and lower reaches of Panlong River in Kunming. The quantitative evaluation and qualitative evaluation are combined to provide guidance for planning and design of urban river system landscape environment and to build a new model of water restoration planning in order to provide reference for sustainable development.

Key words: AHP, river landscape planning, Panlong River, landscape evaluation


以河道景观评价为目标层, 以生态性、社会性和艺术性指标作准则层, 以水质、物种多样性、水体透明度、防洪效应、水景利用率、景观可达性、色彩美感度、形态美感度以及地域文化性作为指标层, 构建城市河道景观评价指标体系。利用层次分析法(AHP)确定各指标层的权重, 利用距离指数法构建评价模型。以昆明市盘龙江为例, 利用该模型对盘龙江上中下游景观环境进行评价。将定量评价与定性评价相结合, 对城市水系景观环境规划设计提供指导, 构建水景观规划新模式, 以期为实现科学景观规划设计提供参考。

关键词: 层次分析法, 河道景观规划, 盘龙江, 景观评价