Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis

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Psychological Typhoon Eye Effect in the Wenchuan Earthquake

XIE Jiaqiu, XIE Xiaofei, GAN Yiqun   

  1. Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing 100871;
  • Received:2010-08-15 Online:2011-09-20 Published:2011-09-20



  1. 北京大学心理学系, 北京 100871;

Abstract: This study measured the risk perception, risk behavior propensity, and anxiety state of 494 residents in Hanwang, Panzhihua, and Beijing, which were impacted to different extent by the 5.12 Wenchuan Earthquake. The results confirmed the hypothesis of a Psychological Typhoon Eye Effect in terms of risk perception of tremors and risk behavior propensity, but revealed a reversed effect with regard to state anxiety. In addition, residents from Panzhihua, which is located in the edge zone of earthquake tremors, showed the most conflicting psychological reactions. The final part discusses the situational factors for Psychological Typhoon Eye Effect and Edge Zone Effect.

Key words: edge zone effect, major disaster, psychological typhoon eye effect

摘要: 选取受汶川地震影响程度不同的3个地区(汉旺、攀枝花及北京)共494名被试, 使用问卷调查的方法检验心理台风眼效应。结果发现, 三地民众在对余震的风险认知、风险行为倾向上表现出不同程度的心理台风眼效应, 而状态焦虑却表现出相反的趋势, 同时发现处于灾难边缘地带的攀枝花民众表现出最为矛盾的心理反应。最后对心理台风眼效应的情境条件和边缘带效应进行了讨论。

关键词: 边缘带效应, 重大灾难, 心理台风眼效应

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