Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis ›› 2019, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (6): 1170-1178.DOI: 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2019.090

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Identity-Based Motivation Theory and Its Implication to Academic Outcome of College Students

WANG Chunhua, WANG Lei   

  1. School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2018-12-31 Revised:2019-05-10 Online:2019-11-20 Published:2019-11-20
  • Contact: WANG Lei, E-mail: leiwang(at)


汪春花, 王垒   

  1. 北京大学心理与认知科学学院, 北京 100871
  • 通讯作者: 王垒, E-mail: leiwang(at)


This paper introduces the theory of identity-based motivation which is a suited approach and social psychological theory about human’s motivation and goal-pursuit. In the perspective of this model, people act in a way that congruent with the identity primed by current context. Doing something or not was influenced by the perception of identity which comes to the mind. Related research involving in the area of health behavior and academic outcome was reviewed. It suggested that future research might consider whether some special identity types in certain culture context and undesirable identity might influence academic outcome among college students, as well as the moderate and mediate role of cognitive ability and personality factors.

Key words: identity-based motivation, academic outcome, college student


首先介绍基于身份认同的动机理论。该理论是一种关于人类动机和目标追求的依赖于情境的社会心理学理论, 它认为人们会以一种与某种情境下被启动出来的身份相一致的方式来行为。人们采用某种行为或不采用某种行为, 受到经由环境启动而出现的身份感知的影响。然后, 综述在该理论指导下的相关研究进展情况。最后指出, 未来研究可能需要考虑其他文化背景下的身份类型和不想要的未来身份对大学生学业结果的影响以及某些认知能力与人格因素的调节与中介作用。

关键词: 身份认同动机, 学业结果, 大学生