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The Serial Position Effects in the Continuous Distractor Paradigm

WU Yanhong,ZHU Ying   

  1. Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing, 100871
  • Received:2000-10-20 Online:2002-01-20 Published:2002-01-20



  1. 北京大学心理学系,北京,100871

Abstract: The robust serial position effects were founded in the free recall experiment and in the continuous distractor paradigm with Chinese character. But in the 30s distractor experiment paradigm, the primacy effect still exited, the recency effect disappeared. And the contextual-retrieval hypothesis failed to explain this phenomenon. According to the contextual cue and memory trace, it is applied successfully that the associative memory and absolute memory to the primacy effect and the recency effect respectively.

Key words: continuous distractor paradigm, contextual-retrieval hypothesis, associative memory, absolute memory

摘要: 以汉字为材料,在即时回忆实验中表现出明显的系列位置效应; 在30s延迟实验中, 表现出明显的首因效应,但近因效应消失;在连续分心实验范式中证明长时记忆中存在明显的系列位置效应。说明现有理论存在的问题,并提出联想记忆和绝对记忆的概念,成功地解释首因效应和近因效应性质之差异。

关键词: 连续分心实验范式, 关联提取假说, 联想记忆, 绝对记忆

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