A post-correction framework based on raw forecasts from the numerical air quality model CMAQ is implemented in the Urumqi-Changji-Shihezi region of Xinjiang Autonomous Region to achieve better forecasting performance of PM_{2.5}. An ensemble deep learning method is used to correct the error of original forecasts of CMAQ. The method integrates four machine learning models: deep neural network model, random forest model, gradient boosting model and generalized linear model. In each model, the original meteorological forecasts, air quality forecasts and land use types are used as input data. With the independent evaluation data in 2018, the accuracy of the “bias-corrected” forecasts is significantly improved. The *R*^{2} values of the 5-day forecast is 0.41–0.60, which are improved from the original forecasts by 60%–160%, while the RMSE values are reduced by ~40%. As for the cross evaluation, the *R*^{2} values of post-corrected results increase by 50%–80%, while RMSE values are reduced by ~30%. The post-correction method is computationally efficient and can be deployed operationally for reliable daily forecasting.

%U https://xbna.pku.edu.cn/EN/10.13209/j.0479-8023.2020.070